In April 1782 Benjamin Franklin rejected informal peace feelers from Great Britain for a settlement that would provide the thirteen states with some measure of autonomy within the British empire. Franklin insisted on British recognition of American independence and refused to consider a peace separate from France, America’s staunch ally. Franklin did agree to negotiations with the British for an end to the war. Joined by peace commissioners John Adams and John Jay, Franklin engaged the British in formal negotiations beginning on September 27, 1782. Although Franklin demanded the cessation of Canada to an independent America, he knew that the British Government of Lord Shelburne, opposed to American independence, was unprepared to accept that offer. Two months of hard bargaining resulted in a preliminary articles of peace in which the British accepted American independence and boundaries–a bitter pill to George III–resolved the difficult issues of fishing rights on the Newfoundland banks and prewar debts owed British creditors, promised restitution of property lost during the war by Americans loyal to the British cause, and provided for the evacuation of British forces from the thirteen states.

5 Responses to “Preliminary Articles of Peace, November 30, 1782”


  1. 1 jesse February 21, 2008 at 7:39 pm

    you knowm i just watched a long documentary that tried to claim, at one point, that the treaty said the US was still subject the monarchy of england. The documentary is “the ring of power”. It offer a lot of truth but has some garbage thrown in there to lead you to their conclusion. it up sets me that they couldn’t have mantained an impartial delivery of facts. oh well. that’s documentaries for you.

  2. 2 Anonymous February 19, 2009 at 10:02 am

    interesting but not the info i was looking for:)!

  3. 3 ANonymous October 4, 2009 at 7:39 pm

    I dont get the part about the “cessation of Canada for an Independent America”… a ‘stop’ of Canada for an independent America? I need to use one more face for a report and thats the only other thing i can find but it doesnt make sense.

  4. 4 elijah October 20, 2009 at 3:53 pm

    not very helpful😦


  1. 1 Pages « Friends of the American Revolution Trackback on October 21, 2008 at 1:58 pm

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“What do we mean by the American Revolution? Do we mean the American war? The Revolution was effected before the war commenced. The Revolution was in the minds and hearts of the people; a change in their religious sentiments, of their duties and obligations…This radical change in the principles, opinions, sentiments, and affections of the people was the real American Revolution.” John Adams

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